There are different types of corks. There are tapered that can be pushed in by hand, some have a plastic top for ease of extracting and others are made of all plastic. When using any of these corks,
the filled bottles must be stored upright.
The ideal corks to use are straight ones, where a corking tool is needed to compress them into the bottle mouth. This ensures the correct seal for bottles to be stored in a wine rack.
There are many different grades of corks, many requiring soaking in water beforehand to make them supple enough to go into the bottle. The latest
waxed corks do not need soaking and are simpler to install. Off-flavours can sometimes be introduced to a wine where corks are soaked and water is squeezed into the bottle of wine when the cork is inserted by the
With corking tools, the cork is inserted into a chamber and the tool is placed over the bottle.
With the one handed unit, a mallet is best used to knock the plunger down, pushing the cork into the bottle.
With the two handled unit, the two handles are depressed to allow the plunger to press on the cork and to secure into the bottle mouth.
For ease of use, the two handled version is considered the best option.